Contract For Differnces

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  • Contract for differences: In finance (CFD) is a contract between the buyer and the seller.
  • Contract for difference trading is designed to give the difference between the opening price and the closing price of the underlying asset.
  • CFDs allow investors to trade the direction of the worth of an asset for a short term; this is often very desired in Forex and commodities products.
  • The investor never owns the underlying asset but receives revenue based on the price change of that asset.

What is CFD?

Trading CFD’s is for an advanced trading strategy that is utilized by experienced traders primarily.

An investor will never actually own any underlying asset; however, instead it will receives revenue based on the price change of that asset.

Traders can speculate on either upward or downward movement. For example, Instead of buying or selling physical oil, a trader can speculate if the price of oil will increase or decrease.

After a trader purchases a CFD and sees an increase from the asset price, they will offer their holding for sale.

The buy and sale prices are netted together.The net difference represents the gains from the trades. This is settled through the investor’s account.

If the trader speculates that the asset price will decrease, the trader can open a sell position.

How to trade

Step 1

Select a market

This could be any one of the 50 thousand markets, from a stock index like FTSE 100 to commodities such as  Gold or Oil.

Step 2

Underlying Asset: Sugar expiry date 11/03/2016

Sell @ 0.1349 , Buy @0.1351

You will choose to buy, and your profit is rising in line with the price. Like that, if you anticipate a market fall, you can choose to sell and see your profit climb.

Step 3

The price

CFD prices are quoted in the same way as underlying markets. As a bid, the price you can sell at, and offer/ask the price you can buy at.

Step 4

The Margin

This is the deposit you must initially have in your account prior to placing a CFD trade. This would be a percentage of the total trade value and is based on the current market conditions. You must have sufficient funds to cover the market requirements for all your open trades. 

Step 5

Stop Loss and Limit Orders

As CFDs can amplify profits or losses, you may choose to place Stop/Loss or Limit Orders on trade to manage your profit and loss targets. This allows you to automatically close a transaction, cutting your losses if an asset falls below a specific value or cashing out your profit once your target is reached.

Step 6

Commission Charges

A small commission is charged on each CFD equity trade. This charge varies and can be found on the platform. You are charged commission if you place a CFD trade on a non-equity market such as an index or currency pair. Instead, the spread between the bid and the asking price is wider. 

Step 7

Monitor your trade

Step 8

Close your trade

As you reach your profit goal, you can quickly close your trade.


Why Trade?

Higher Leverage

CFDs offer higher leverage than traditional trading.

The standard leverage for CFD’s for the forex market is subject to regulation.

The margin was as low as a 2% maintenance which was 50:1 leverage, however, now it is limited within a range of 3% 30:1

With lower margin it will give less capital for the trader and greater potential returns. However, higher leverage can also increase a trader’s losses.

Global Market

Most CFD brokers provide worldwide products for major markets, allowing investors to trade CFDs around the clock.

No Shorting Rules

Specific markets do not allow shorting. The trader must hold the instrument before selling short or have different margin requirements for short and long positions.

CFD instruments can be shorted at any time without borrowing costs because the trader doesn’t own the underlying asset.

Execution With No Fees

CFD brokers offer the same order types as traditional brokers, including stops, limits.

Some brokers offering guaranteed stops have a fee for this service.

Brokers make money from the spread. However, they also charge commissions or fees. For a trader to buy, they must pay the asking price, and to sell; the trader must pay the bid price. This spread amount always depends on the volatility of the underlying asset; some brokers offer fixed spreads.

No Minimum Requirements

Some markets require a minimum amount of capital to be traded daily or place limits on the number of day trades that can be made within certain accounts.

The CFD market does not have their requirements; All account holders can day trade if they wish.

Accounts can often be opened for as little as $50.

Limitless Trading Opportunities

CFD Brokers offer stock, index, treasury, currency, sector, and commodity

Pay the Spread

CFDs offer something different than traditional markets; they also have a potential risk. The trading pays the spread on entries and exits, eliminates the potential to profit from small moves.

Spread will decrease profit trades by a small amount compared with underlying security and increase losses by a small amount. While traditional markets expose the trader to fees, regulations, commissions, and higher capital requirements, CFDs shorten traders’ profits through the spread.


Trading CFD requires close watch. The market has fast movements, and traders should be aware of the high risks when trading CFDs.

There are margins and capital you will need to maintain; if you cannot cover all requirements, your broker will close your position and end up with losses.


Leverage has greater potential profits; however, more significant potential losses. Many Brokers have stop-loss limits available for CFDs; however, they cannot guarantee you won’t receive losses; most losses are from market closure or a sharp price movement. Risks from execution may occur due to lags.


The Spread

Money talks

The cost of trading CFDs includes commissions (in some cases), financing costs (in some cases), and spreads-the difference between the buying price (buying price) and the selling price when you trade. There are usually no commissions for trading foreign exchange pairs and commodities. However, brokers usually charge stock commissions. 

For example, the broker CMC Markets is a financial services company headquartered in the United Kingdom, and its commissions start from 0.10%, that is, the commission per share for listed stocks in the United States and Canada is $0.02. Opening and closing transactions constitute two separate transactions, so you need to charge a commission for each transaction. If you hold a long position, you may need to pay financing fees; this is because the overnight position of the product is considered an investment (and the provider lends the trader money to buy the asset). Traders are usually charged an interest fee every day they hold a position.